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The city of Çanakkale lies at the narrow 1200m entrance to
the Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles) that connects the Sea of Marmara
and the Aegean. Passenger and car ferries run daily between
Çanakkale on the Asian side and Eceabat and Kilitbahir on the
European side. Throughout the history, Troy, Akha, Sparta, Persia,
Rome, Genoese, Venice and finally Ottoman Turks controlled it.
Today, the ruins of these civilizations have become open to tourism
in many regions of Çanakkale. The Trojan Horse, Troy Ancient City,
Assos Ancient City, Parion are the best known of these. In addition
to these, it includes historical and mythological places such as
Gelibolu Peninsula, Gökçeada, Bozcaada and Kaz Mountains.
Important Places in Çanakkale
The Trojan Horse
is a story from the Trojan War about
the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city
of Troy and win the war. In the canonical version, after a fruitless
10-year siege, the Greeks constructed a huge wooden horse and hid a
select force of men inside, including Odysseus. The Greeks pretended
to sail away, and the Trojans pulled the horse into their city as a
victory trophy. That night the Greek force crept out of the horse
and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army, which had
sailed back under cover of night. The Greeks entered and destroyed
the city of Troy, ending the war.
Parion Ancient City
, There is not much information about the
ancient city of Parion, which is located in Kemer village of Biga
district of Çanakkale. But it is known to be a port city. There are
various opinions about the origin of the name Parion. The first
opinion is said that the Troia prince came from Paris and the word
Parion means the city of Paris. The second view is that it was
inspired by Paras and finally derived from Parsus. Herodotus first
mentioned from Parion in history. Parion sided with the Athenians in
the Peloponnesian wars between the Athenians and Spartans between
431-404 BC. The Athenian navy (86 ships) under the command of
Alcibiades also gathered in the ports of this city. The presence of
this navy of 86 ships in the port of Parion is an indicator that
this port is how big and important. It has been home to many
kingdoms due to its being a port city and its geopolitical position
in a good place.
The Historic National Park
of the Gelibolu Peninsula was
established to honour the 500,000 soldiers who lost their lives in
Gelibolu, also known as Gallipoli. It is a large area within the
borders of Çanakkale province, at the southern end of the Gelibolu
peninsula, covering almost the entire district of Eceabat and
covering an area of 33,000 hectares on the European side of the
Dardanelles Strait. The national park was established in 1973, it
was removed from the national park status in 2014 and classified as
a historical area.
, also known as Behramkale or for short Behram, is a
small historically rich town in the Ayvacık district of
the Çanakkale. The history of the ancient city of Assos goes back to
the 6th century BC. The city was going down to the sea with
terraces. Behramkale village emerged after the Ottoman settlement.
The city was built on an extinct volcanic hill, between andesite
rocks, at an altitude of 236 meters from the sea. Andesite stone
around Assos was used in the construction of the city. Assos stone
is handled hard but is a very durable stone. Formerly it was called
the man-eating stone. Sarcophagi made of this stone were exported
in Turkish, is an island
of Turkey in the northeastern part of the Aegean Sea.
(İmroz), officially Gökçeada
since 29 July
1970, is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada
District of Çanakkale Province.