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The city of Çanakkale lies at the narrow 1200m entrance to the Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles) that connects the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean. Passenger and car ferries run daily between Çanakkale on the Asian side and Eceabat and Kilitbahir on the European side. Throughout the history, Troy, Akha, Sparta, Persia, Rome, Genoese, Venice and finally Ottoman Turks controlled it. Today, the ruins of these civilizations have become open to tourism in many regions of Çanakkale. The Trojan Horse, Troy Ancient City, Assos Ancient City, Parion are the best known of these. In addition to these, it includes historical and mythological places such as Gelibolu Peninsula, Gökçeada, Bozcaada and Kaz Mountains.

Important Places in Çanakkale

The Trojan Horse is a story from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city of Troy and win the war. In the canonical version, after a fruitless 10-year siege, the Greeks constructed a huge wooden horse and hid a select force of men inside, including Odysseus. The Greeks pretended to sail away, and the Trojans pulled the horse into their city as a victory trophy. That night the Greek force crept out of the horse and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army, which had sailed back under cover of night. The Greeks entered and destroyed the city of Troy, ending the war.

Parion Ancient City, There is not much information about the ancient city of Parion, which is located in Kemer village of Biga district of Çanakkale. But it is known to be a port city. There are various opinions about the origin of the name Parion. The first opinion is said that the Troia prince came from Paris and the word Parion means the city of Paris. The second view is that it was inspired by Paras and finally derived from Parsus. Herodotus first mentioned from Parion in history. Parion sided with the Athenians in the Peloponnesian wars between the Athenians and Spartans between 431-404 BC. The Athenian navy (86 ships) under the command of Alcibiades also gathered in the ports of this city. The presence of this navy of 86 ships in the port of Parion is an indicator that this port is how big and important. It has been home to many kingdoms due to its being a port city and its geopolitical position in a good place.

The Historic National Park of the Gelibolu Peninsula was established to honour the 500,000 soldiers who lost their lives in Gelibolu, also known as Gallipoli. It is a large area within the borders of Çanakkale province, at the southern end of the Gelibolu peninsula, covering almost the entire district of Eceabat and covering an area of 33,000 hectares on the European side of the Dardanelles Strait. The national park was established in 1973, it was removed from the national park status in 2014 and classified as a historical area.

Assos, also known as Behramkale or for short Behram, is a small historically rich town in the Ayvacık district of the Çanakkale. The history of the ancient city of Assos goes back to the 6th century BC. The city was going down to the sea with terraces. Behramkale village emerged after the Ottoman settlement. The city was built on an extinct volcanic hill, between andesite rocks, at an altitude of 236 meters from the sea. Andesite stone around Assos was used in the construction of the city. Assos stone is handled hard but is a very durable stone. Formerly it was called the man-eating stone. Sarcophagi made of this stone were exported from Assos.

Tenedos or Bozcaada in Turkish, is an island of Turkey in the northeastern part of the Aegean Sea.

Imbros (İmroz), officially Gökçeada since 29 July 1970, is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.